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If we worship our rivers then why are they polluted?

Causes of global warming

Rivers of India are regarded sacred. Indian rivers have plenty of spiritual importance. Respected, worshipped, and cared for, these rivers form an integral part of every Indian life. Nothing progresses in their absence. They are as special as the Indian temples for a devotee. You can visit some of these rivers to understand what they imply to a common Indian man. The rivers of India provide irrigation, cheap transportation, electricity, and livelihoods for a large number of people. The river system of India also holds significance from a religious point of view still river pollution in India has now reached a critical point. Virtually every river system in India is now polluted to a great extent. A report by the scientists of the National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur, started that nearly 70 percent of river water in India is polluted. The pollution situation in our country is worse than that of some of the industrialized nations of Europe and America. The Ganga, the most sacred and important river of India, is regarded as the cradle of Indian civilization. The 2, 525 km long river begins
from Gangotri in the Himalayas and joins the Bay of Bengal, at Ganga Sagar.

Based on a report of the Central Pollution Control Board, despite river Ganges, considerable resilience as a self-purifying and fast-flowing river, its organic pollution load is significantly high. At Kanpur, 45 tanneries and 10 textile mills are the main sources of liquid wastes discharged into the river. The wastes contain heavy organic load and putrefied material. It discharges from the Barauni Oil Refinery and causes pollution along the long stretch of the main Ganga. Preliminary observations were made on the pollution of the river Kali and a limnological survey was made of the river with reference to fish mortality.

The main factories, which pollute the creek are sugar, distillery, tin, glycerol, paints, soap works, spinning, rayon, silk, and yarn. A major step to control and clean the river Ganga had been taken in the year 1984 when the Central Ganga Authority was established to implement the Ganga Action Plan. This plan has identified 27 cities and about 120 factories as points of pollution from Haridwar to Hooghly. Similarly, the Yamuna Action Plan has also been devised. But till now nothing substantial has come out and there’s a considerable way to go. A survey was carried out in 1965 along 21 km stretch of the river Gomti in the vicinity of Lucknow receiving 19.84 million gallons of wastes per day from pulp and paper factory, distillery and sewage.

Solution:

The best way to solve these issues is to prevent them. The first major solution in this context is the conservation of soil. Soil erosion can contribute to water pollution. So, if soil can be conserved we can prevent water pollution too. We can follow measures such as planting more trees, managing erosion in a better way and use farming methods that are better for the soil. In the same vein, it is also important to follow the right methods in disposing of toxic waste. For starters, we can use products that have lesser amounts of volatile organic compounds in them. Even in cases where toxic material like paints, cleaning supplies, and stain removers are used, they need to be disposed of in the right way. It is also important to look into oil leaks in one’s cars and machines.

It is said that leaked oil – even from cars and machines – is one of the principal contributors to water pollution. Hence, it is important to look at cars and machines, which run on oil, on a regular basis, to check them for any possible oil leak. It is important after work – especially in factories and production units where oil is used – to clean up the wasted oil and either
dispose of it properly or keep it for later use. Rivers are the backbone of human civilization! They provide us with fresh water which is helpful for various purposes such as drinking, cleaning, washing, etc. Without rivers, life will come to a halt. Rivers just keep on flowing without any stop. We humans exist because of rivers. We will never know the worth of rivers until they dry up. A drop of water is worth more than a sack of gold to a thirsty man.

An Old American Indian Proverb says :

Only when the last tree has died and the last river has been poisoned and the last fish being caught, will we realize we cannot eat money!

Air Pollution In India

#Air Pollution In India

Air pollution in India is one of the major concerns and a challenge for the government and the people. Pollution pertains the harmful effect on the earth’s surface and atmospheric variation with substances that interfere with human health. The major types of contamination include water contamination, air pollution, noise pollution, and dirt contamination.

Air pollution is a significant global public health issue that’s managed most effectively by collective actions to control emissions of the two main air pollutants and precursors which react to form secondary air pollutants.

In 2019, a World Health Organisation (WHO) study found that fourteen of the twenty world’s most polluted cities belonged to India. Kanpur, in Uttar Pradesh, emerged as the city with the highest PM 2.5 level, standing at 173 (17 times higher than the limit set for safety). It is estimated that in 2016, over 9 lakh deaths were caused due to air pollution in India. Some other cities with high PM 2.5 levels include Faridabad, Varanasi, Gaya, Patna, Delhi, Gurugram, Noida, Lucknow, Ghaziabad, and Agra. Delhi, as the capital of the country, too gained a notorious reputation as a result of its severely poor air quality.

Increase in Air Pollution in India

Air Pollution in India, has increased rapidly because of:

  • Overpopulation
  • The Rise in the number of vehicles
  • Usage of fossil fuels
  • Poorly managed public transportation systems
  • Badland use
  • Industrialization, and ineffective environmental regulations.

Major Reason For Air Pollution

One of the most important reasons for air contamination in India is vehicle emissions. Pollutants like Sulphur dioxide, Nitrogen dioxide, and Particulate matter is generated by the combustion of fossil fuels such as petroleum, coal in addition to other mill combustibles. These pollutants, when added into the air, have a natural warming effect and become a health hazard for biodiversity.

India’s air pollution crisis is noxious, especially in Delhi during winters and a few cities in central and north India. Agricultural activities in the Indian states like Punjab has two growing seasons, one is from May to Sept and another is from Nov to April, which adds to the air contamination in Delhi NCR. Slash and burn agriculture is accountable for the loss of about 50 acres of soil every hour worldwide.

Reasons For Air Pollution:

Among the issues having slash and burn is that fires deliberately set can unwittingly spread through the forest. When fire spreads into unintended areas, the canopy of the protective woods is destroyed. The resulting sunlight exposure to the woods floor intensifies the existing fire. The smoke then hangs over the forest, and inhibits rain, making it even more challenging to extinguish as the region becomes drier. Throughout the dry season, the issues having a slash and burn agriculture are intensified. Even though there are many, complex issues surrounding the use of slash and burn agriculture, the underlying rationale for that the practice is quite simple! that the soil in the forest is infertile, much to that the dismay million of farmers working on that poor soil of tropical forests. For the impoverished farmers, the simplest solution to this issue is to cut the trees down, and burn what remains.

Moreover, Ammonia used which is a common by-product from agriculture-related activities and is among the most hazardous gases, released in the atmosphere. Use of insecticides, pesticides, and fertilizers in agricultural activities has grown extensively, which adds to soil and water contamination. Drylands (land with a little to no vegetation because of lack of precipitation), provides a perfect platform to form a dust storm.

How to Stop Air Pollution in India?

Forests play many important ecological roles. From animals-providing medication, food and livelihoods to the values of woods, for people around the globe, providing homes and helping to mitigate climate change, these powerhouses are irreplaceable and in danger. Forests cover 31% of our planet, the Amazon rainforest is home to thousands of species of creatures and plants. Despite everything forests, they’re being cut down at an alarming speed. Each year 46-58 thousand sq miles of forest are lost in deforestation, which is equal to a football field of forest disappearing every moment.

Many have hope that with the changes in perception and policy, tress can be saved, to become eco-conscious is a responsibility each and everyone needs to realize. Together we can change and improve the air quality but one thing is sure that until and unless we are conscious about our actions towards nature we will not take it seriously. Let’s all come forward and plant trees which is one of the most important steps we can take to fight air pollution.

Plant More Trees to Stop Air Pollution!!

Empowering Youth for a Sustainable Future

grow more tree, plant more tree

Youth are the most crucial and dynamic segment of people in any country. But they need the mandatory support with regards to good health and chances to transform the future. There is no getting away from the fact that sustainable development is complex. Perhaps the most common and well used definition of sustainable development is the
one used by the UN, describing it as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”

At its core, its about finding a balance between three dimensions: society, environment and economy. International Youth Day is celebrated to recognize attempts of the worlds youth in improving global society. The intention of the article is to understand significance of the youth, strategies to address a few of the challenges and provide a wide overview of India’s efforts in youth empowerment towards developing an eco-friendly country.

A developing nation like India has huge chances and challenges with the globalization and increasing of knowledge market. United Nations Population Funds State that the Worlds Population report claims of India having 356 million youth, the highest percentage of youth in any country between 10-24 year old, which is a whopping 28 percent of the entire population. The youth population is not just to satisfy the manpower needs but also to cater the environmental needs of the country. Nonetheless, the benefits are subject to addressing of the cognitive and social inequalities. Among the major problems today, children faces the unequal access to opportunities with the lack of focus on personal development.

Consequently, environmental growth chances, through youth development are galore if exploited and nurtured appropriately. The need of the hour is to create an environment conscious workforce that will make a significant contribution to India’s green development. Among the ways developing such workforce is to provide enough chances for education, jobs in this field and also the spirit of entrepreneurship. Among the sustained ways to tackle climate change is youth development. Skills can be equated using long lasting empowerment. A significant step is to reduce the rural and urban gap, particularly in educational infrastructure. Understanding their perspective and then training them at a young age is a priority as they learn better.

Environmental degradation and the poverty have a nexus between them. The majority of our people are determined by the natural resources of the nation for the basic needs of food, fuel fodder and shelter. About 40% of our individuals are still beneath the poverty threshold. The poor who depend upon the sources of their environment have been influenced by environment degradation. The struggle of the environmental degradation and poverty are just two of the challenges. The population growth is basically a function of poverty.

Alienation from the fact that earth has limited time as it’s resources are depleting it’s crucial to build formal institutional mechanisms to tackle environmental programs. Technical instruction should aim at raising skilled workforce that’s employer ready. The modern skills and knowledge of the forest dept. Should be integrated with the traditional experience and knowledge of the local communities.

A spirit of entrepreneurship needs to be inculcated from the school to create more job providers in the field of environmental growth. Systemic linkages have to be established to link instruction using training, placement and also real life scenario to survive and also sustain in this developing world.

Youth are powerfull! They represent courage using energy and will power to take leadership. They needed to be respected, guided and also nurtured for long run roles. Youth needs to be in leadership role because they are the next generation to decide what type of a world they want to live in.