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Effects of Deforestation on Air Quality.

The theme of Deforestation effects on Air Pollution along with other effects has been the subject of debate for quite some time. Everyone knows that massive regions of forest are cut down every day so businesses get the wood they want and others get the land they want. The trouble is that this process may have a devastating effect on the local area, and the environment as a whole. Its quite surprising to think that deforestation that occurs in the Amazon rain forest, for instance, may have an effect on the quality of the air that we breathe. We’d all like the air that we breathe to be clean, but the greenhouse effect along with other causes of global warming can put pay to that. 

An Imbalance – Deforestation has an effect on global air quality because trees release water vapor to the air which affects atmospheric temperatures along with other crucial elements that keep this earth of ours ticking over nicely. When there are fewer trees, less water vapor is released to the air, which suggests an imbalance occurs and we begin to see the effects of global warming and temperature rise. In addition to causing a rise within the global temperature, deforestation affects the air that we breathe. It is because all trees take in CO2 along with other pollutants that are known to cause a lot of problems in the atmosphere. 

This unavoidably results in most of us breathing dirtier and more polluted air than we otherwise would. So what can we do about air pollution? Governing bodies are attempting to ensure we’ve better quality air, but its also up to us to make a difference too. The great news is that we may all have better quality air in our own homes as its reasonably easy to purchase air purifiers. These machines might help to eliminate the toxins and pollutants in the air around our home. 

This could help to promote better health in most of us, especially in those who’ve breathing difficulties and allergies. With regard to air pollution on a global scale, we can’t be capable of making a big difference as individuals, but we may at least try. There are fortunately businesses who work to ensure that although they chop down trees, they do at least replace them. Some businesses replace each felled tree with another two or 3, that might help to prevent things from getting worse. Sadly even when every tree was substituted with another 3 from here on in, it’d be nearly impossible to replace every tree which has been felled. 

Trees will always be the most beneficial element of the environment. There is no alternative for a masterpiece it is.

How to be Carbon-Neutral??

The very first step to understanding drastic climate change and how you as an individual can contribute for the betterment of it is to calculate your carbon footprint and then plan your journey towards being carbon neutral, each and every individual should consider it as a responsibility.

Carbon Footprint: The amount of carbon dioxide released in the atmosphere as a result of activities of a particular individual, organization, or community.

Carbon Neutral: Making or resulting in no net release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, especially as a result of carbon offsetting.

Here are top carbon-neutral solutions, drawn down that are groundbreaking and at the same time, they are the least amount of effort every individual should be doing to become carbon neutral. The main aim is for all of us to become carbon neutral, Following are a few strong and sincere ways to start your journey towards being carbon neutral.

1) Invest in carbon decreasing installments, be it products, actions or rules.

2) Minimize driving by setting reduction goals that are concrete, biking, walking, carpooling, using public transit just as much.

3)Minimize the purchase of new products. particularly the ones which are resource-intensive.

4)Energy and home efficiency.

5)Avoid heavily packed products, appliances, and equipment.

6)Embrace a minimalistic lifestyle.

7)Get an energy audit.

8)Keep taking the zero volt challenge to quickly and easily reduce your electricity bill.

9)Declutter your house and donate items.

10)Purchase borrow or rent used electronics, furniture, vehicles, any products whenever possible. Reduce the use of energy in any form.
When buying a space focus mainly on the efficiency of the space.

11)Add eco-friendly insulation and weatherstrip especially for doors, windows attic and attic door.

12)Always buy energy-efficient office equipment.

13)Minimize the use of fireplaces or wood stoves.

14)Wash clothes in cold water and hang them to dry instead of using the dryer.

15)Keep your solar devices charged.

16)Buy local, organic,plant-based, unprocessed food from local farmers, farmer markets, green restaurants, and natural food stores.

17)Reduce food wastage by planning out meals in advance and freezing just as much as possible.

18)Reduce water usage and use only when needed in order to save one of the most precious resources on earth.

19)Support the organizations that educate, protect and empower our environment.

20)Recycle as much as possible, even when traveling.

21)Buy products with recyclable and minimal packaging.
  
Become an eco-warrior and take the responsibility of your carbon footprint, you can come together to support the cause by supporting the organizations which are eco-conscious, also support the laws, bills acts, governments or the organizations which are dedicated to push out climate endangering companies out of the system or help them convert.
We must generate the will to be eco-conscious and discourage any kind of business in the market place which is working against the laws of nature and at the same time encourage the companies who provide similar solutions and services to merge with each other for the greater good and sustainable future.

In the end plant more trees because by planting we not only become carbon neutral but also help in restoring the nature and the species we share it with. Human beings are the only species who can bring a change not only for themselves but for all other species.
You can check your carbon footprints on the Envirer by downloading the app available on Android and IOS.

If we worship our rivers then why are they polluted?

Causes of global warming

Rivers of India are regarded sacred. Indian rivers have plenty of spiritual importance. Respected, worshipped, and cared for, these rivers form an integral part of every Indian life. Nothing progresses in their absence. They are as special as the Indian temples for a devotee. You can visit some of these rivers to understand what they imply to a common Indian man. The rivers of India provide irrigation, cheap transportation, electricity, and livelihoods for a large number of people. The river system of India also holds significance from a religious point of view still river pollution in India has now reached a critical point. Virtually every river system in India is now polluted to a great extent. A report by the scientists of the National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur, started that nearly 70 percent of river water in India is polluted. The pollution situation in our country is worse than that of some of the industrialized nations of Europe and America. The Ganga, the most sacred and important river of India, is regarded as the cradle of Indian civilization. The 2, 525 km long river begins
from Gangotri in the Himalayas and joins the Bay of Bengal, at Ganga Sagar.

Based on a report of the Central Pollution Control Board, despite river Ganges, considerable resilience as a self-purifying and fast-flowing river, its organic pollution load is significantly high. At Kanpur, 45 tanneries and 10 textile mills are the main sources of liquid wastes discharged into the river. The wastes contain heavy organic load and putrefied material. It discharges from the Barauni Oil Refinery and causes pollution along the long stretch of the main Ganga. Preliminary observations were made on the pollution of the river Kali and a limnological survey was made of the river with reference to fish mortality.

The main factories, which pollute the creek are sugar, distillery, tin, glycerol, paints, soap works, spinning, rayon, silk, and yarn. A major step to control and clean the river Ganga had been taken in the year 1984 when the Central Ganga Authority was established to implement the Ganga Action Plan. This plan has identified 27 cities and about 120 factories as points of pollution from Haridwar to Hooghly. Similarly, the Yamuna Action Plan has also been devised. But till now nothing substantial has come out and there’s a considerable way to go. A survey was carried out in 1965 along 21 km stretch of the river Gomti in the vicinity of Lucknow receiving 19.84 million gallons of wastes per day from pulp and paper factory, distillery and sewage.

Solution:

The best way to solve these issues is to prevent them. The first major solution in this context is the conservation of soil. Soil erosion can contribute to water pollution. So, if soil can be conserved we can prevent water pollution too. We can follow measures such as planting more trees, managing erosion in a better way and use farming methods that are better for the soil. In the same vein, it is also important to follow the right methods in disposing of toxic waste. For starters, we can use products that have lesser amounts of volatile organic compounds in them. Even in cases where toxic material like paints, cleaning supplies, and stain removers are used, they need to be disposed of in the right way. It is also important to look into oil leaks in one’s cars and machines.

It is said that leaked oil – even from cars and machines – is one of the principal contributors to water pollution. Hence, it is important to look at cars and machines, which run on oil, on a regular basis, to check them for any possible oil leak. It is important after work – especially in factories and production units where oil is used – to clean up the wasted oil and either
dispose of it properly or keep it for later use. Rivers are the backbone of human civilization! They provide us with fresh water which is helpful for various purposes such as drinking, cleaning, washing, etc. Without rivers, life will come to a halt. Rivers just keep on flowing without any stop. We humans exist because of rivers. We will never know the worth of rivers until they dry up. A drop of water is worth more than a sack of gold to a thirsty man.

An Old American Indian Proverb says :

Only when the last tree has died and the last river has been poisoned and the last fish being caught, will we realize we cannot eat money!

Air Pollution In India

#Air Pollution In India

Air pollution in India is one of the major concerns and a challenge for the government and the people. Pollution pertains harmful effect on the earth’s surface and atmospheric variation with substances that interfere with human health, well being or the normal functioning of the ecosystems. The major types of contamination include water contamination, air pollution, noise pollution, and dirt contamination.

Air pollution is a significant global public health issue that’s managed most effectively by collective actions to control emissions of the two main air pollutants and precursors which react to form secondary air pollutants.

In 2019, a World Health Organisation (WHO) study found that fourteen of the twenty world’s most polluted cities belonged to India. Kanpur, in Uttar Pradesh, emerged as the city with the highest PM2.5 level, standing at 173 (17 times higher than the limit set for safety). It is estimated that in 2016, over 9 lakh deaths were caused due to air pollution in India. Some other cities with high PM 2.5 levels include Faridabad, Varanasi, Gaya, Patna, Delhi, Gurugram, Noida, Lucknow, Ghaziabad and Agra. Delhi, as the capital of the country, too gained a notorious reputation as a result of its severely poor air quality.

Air Pollution in India, has increased rapidly because of overpopulation, rise in the number of vehicles, usage of fossil fuels, poorly managed public transportation systems, bad land use pattern, industrialization, and ineffective environmental regulations. One of the most important reasons for air contamination in India is vehicle emissions. Pollutants like Sulphur dioxide, Nitrogen dioxide, and Particulate matter is generated by the combustion of fossil fuels such as petroleum, coal in addition to other mill combustibles. These pollutants, when added into the air, have a natural warming effect and become a health hazard for biodiversity.

India’s air pollution crisis is noxious, especially in Delhi during winters and a few cities in central and north India. Agricultural activities in the Indian states like Punjab has two growing seasons, one is from May to Sept and another is from Nov to April, which adds to the air contamination in Delhi NCR. Slash and burn agriculture is accountable for the loss of about 50 acres of soil every hour worldwide. Among the issues having slash and burn is that fires deliberately set can unwittingly spread through the forest. When fire spreads into unintended areas, the canopy of the protective woods is destroyed. The resulting sunlight exposure to the woods floor intensifies the existing fire. The smoke then hangs over the forest, and inhibits rain, making it even more challenging to extinguish as the region becomes drier. Throughout the dry season, the issues having a slash and burn agriculture are intensified. Even though there are many, complex issues surrounding the use of slash and burn agriculture, the underlying rationale for that the practice is quite simple! that the soil in the forest is infertile, much to that the dismay million of farmers working on that poor soil of tropical forests. For the impoverished farmers, the simplest solution to this issue is to cut the trees down, and burn what remains. Moreover, Ammonia used which is a common by-product from agriculture-related activities and is among the most hazardous gases, released in the atmosphere. Use of insecticides, pesticides, and fertilizers in agricultural activities has grown extensively, which adds to soil and water contamination. Dry lands (land with a little to no vegetation because of lack of precipitation), provides a perfect platform to form a dust storm.

Forests play many important ecological roles. From animals-providing medication, food and livelihoods to the values of woods, for people around the globe, providing homes and helping to mitigate climate change, these powerhouses are irreplaceable and in danger. Forests cover 31% of our planet, the Amazon rainforest is home to thousands of species of creatures and plants. Despite everything forests, they’re being cut down at an alarming speed. Each year 46-58 thousand sq miles of forest are lost in deforestation, which is equal to a football field of forest disappearing every moment.

Many have hope that with the changes in perception and policy, tress can be saved, to become eco-conscious is a responsibility each and everyone needs to realize. Together we can change and improve the air quality but one thing is sure that until and unless we are conscious about our actions towards nature we will not take it seriously. Let’s all come forward and plant trees which is one of the most important step we can take to fight air pollution.

Empowering Youth for a Sustainable Future

grow more tree, plant more tree

Youth are the most crucial and dynamic segment of people in any country. But they need the mandatory support with regards to good health and chances to transform the future. There is no getting away from the fact that sustainable development is complex. Perhaps the most common and well used definition of sustainable development is the
one used by the UN, describing it as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”

At its core, its about finding a balance between three dimensions: society, environment and economy. International Youth Day is celebrated to recognize attempts of the worlds youth in improving global society. The intention of the article is to understand significance of the youth, strategies to address a few of the challenges and provide a wide overview of India’s efforts in youth empowerment towards developing an eco-friendly country.

A developing nation like India has huge chances and challenges with the globalization and increasing of knowledge market. United Nations Population Funds State that the Worlds Population report claims of India having 356 million youth, the highest percentage of youth in any country between 10-24 year old, which is a whopping 28 percent of the entire population. The youth population is not just to satisfy the manpower needs but also to cater the environmental needs of the country. Nonetheless, the benefits are subject to addressing of the cognitive and social inequalities. Among the major problems today, children faces the unequal access to opportunities with the lack of focus on personal development.

Consequently, environmental growth chances, through youth development are galore if exploited and nurtured appropriately. The need of the hour is to create an environment conscious workforce that will make a significant contribution to India’s green development. Among the ways developing such workforce is to provide enough chances for education, jobs in this field and also the spirit of entrepreneurship. Among the sustained ways to tackle climate change is youth development. Skills can be equated using long lasting empowerment. A significant step is to reduce the rural and urban gap, particularly in educational infrastructure. Understanding their perspective and then training them at a young age is a priority as they learn better.

Environmental degradation and the poverty have a nexus between them. The majority of our people are determined by the natural resources of the nation for the basic needs of food, fuel fodder and shelter. About 40% of our individuals are still beneath the poverty threshold. The poor who depend upon the sources of their environment have been influenced by environment degradation. The struggle of the environmental degradation and poverty are just two of the challenges. The population growth is basically a function of poverty.

Alienation from the fact that earth has limited time as it’s resources are depleting it’s crucial to build formal institutional mechanisms to tackle environmental programs. Technical instruction should aim at raising skilled workforce that’s employer ready. The modern skills and knowledge of the forest dept. Should be integrated with the traditional experience and knowledge of the local communities.

A spirit of entrepreneurship needs to be inculcated from the school to create more job providers in the field of environmental growth. Systemic linkages have to be established to link instruction using training, placement and also real life scenario to survive and also sustain in this developing world.

Youth are powerfull! They represent courage using energy and will power to take leadership. They needed to be respected, guided and also nurtured for long run roles. Youth needs to be in leadership role because they are the next generation to decide what type of a world they want to live in.

Save The Planet Organizations

Save The Planet Organizations

Of late, there has been a lot of noise about saving the planet, doing something about the climate change. Scientists and Environmentalists across the globe are trying to figure various ways of reducing factors that cause global warming. Apart from them, there are so many save the planet organizations that are devoted to the cause. At this juncture, it is ridiculous to ask if the clock ticking. Of course, it is. The history of possible shift in the climate i.e. increase or decrease, in the temperature of the Earth, goes back to late 1890’s. Back in 1896, Swedish Scientist, Svante Arrhenius calculated that cutting CO2 in half would suffice to produce an ice age. He further calculated that a doubling of atmospheric CO2 would give a total warming of 5–6 degrees Celsius.

By mid-20th century, the concern grew stronger and the scientists across the world began to acknowledge that the human emissions could be disruptive to the climate by the next century. By early 80s, gradually a common understanding and consensus started to build. And then in 1988, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established. Gradually, several other non-governmental projects and organizations came up to save the planet from the climate change and its effects, primarily caused by human way of life and other causes by and large.

While the governments of different countries were creating policies and laws for environment conservation,mid-20th century onwards, several save the planet organizations were formed by various groups of people, companies, institutions and individual across the world by late 70s and early 80s. “The first Earth Day, on April 22, 1970, was a milestone event for the planet. An estimated 20 million people took to the streets across the U.S. to raise awareness about the impacts of human activities on the environment.” (March 20, 2019, National Geographic)

One of the pioneers among save the planet organizations is Earth First!.It was founded in 1980 in South-West America by 5 environmentalists and activists, focusing Environment Protection by taking direct action in terms of research, publishing journals and spreading awareness campaigns, advocacy conferences and workshops and other activities. It is operational today in 19 countries including India. In 1980 itself there were 12 other organizations that got established in different parts of the world, taking up different streams of save the planet causes like wild life conservation, forest conservation, saving the whales, animal welfare etc.

India was still a young country to realize its contribution in environment degradation and the need to save the planet and create organizations for the same. In 1972, India did participate in United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm in June and the decisions were taken to provide for the protection and improvement of environment. Sadly, it took Bhopal Gas Tragedy to open the eyes and Environment Protection Act, 1986 was passed finally. However, on forest protection and conservation, Indian history goes back to Indian Forest Act, 1927 under British Empire, then Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 was passed and further amended in 1988.

Apart from the government’s initiatives and provisions, the real history goes back to 1700s when the Bishnoi movement happened. The Chipko Movement in 1973 by Mr. Bahuguna, Save the silent valley in 1978 by KSSB and Sugathakumari, the Jungle Bachao in 1982 to save Saal Forest, Appiko, Narmada Bachao, Tehari Dam Conflict were some very important milestones to name a few. One of the oldest save the planet organizations that are working for nature conservation, research and awareness in India is Bombay Natural History Society which was established in 1883. There are several popular name like WWF-India, Greenpeace India, Center for Science and Environment, Wildlife Trust of India that have been working in India to save and restore the nature. But let us also understand the these save the planet organizations are not all NGOs or nonprofits. The latest concept of a socially sustainable enterprise with profits can also be key game changers like Afforest, SayTrees, HelpUsGreen, The Ugly Indian, The Living Greens etc. Time is to think out of the box and bringsimple ideas to saving the planet to fruition by creating organizations and make them sustainable and impactful. Keeping things simple and going in the direction restoring the environment and nature must be the core if we realize that the clock is ticking.

References:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_climate_change_science#First_calculations_of_human-induced_climate_change,_1896

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_climate_change_science#Paleoclimates_and_sunspots,_early_1900s_to_1950s

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016/04/160422-earth-day-46-facts-environment/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earth_First!

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Environmental_organizations_established_in_1980

http://envfor.nic.in/division/forest-conservation

https://www.clearias.com/environmental-movements-in-india/

http://www.findouter.com/Asia/India/Science_and_Social_Science/Environment/Environmental_Organisations

Afforestation & Reforestation Projects in India

Afforestation & Reforestation Projects in India

It is a well-known fact that forests are being eradicated at a speed which is unimaginable to a common eye. And ever since it has been identified and acknowledged globally by different organizations and institutions, lots of large and small scale forest conservation projects started across the world. The most common commotion is to plant more trees. The situation grew graver over the period of time and only tree plantation wasn’t enough. So, it was figured that we do need to plant trees but the plantations should be strategic, specific and should result in fully grown trees to regenerate the bionetwork around us. And gradually planting trees took shape of afforestation and reforestation and several projects were started all over the world including India.

The need of today is to increase carbon capture and carbon sequestration, decrease soil degradation, have better and regular rain cycles and improve biodiversity anthropogenically, in order to normalize our planet’s environmental disbalance. Afforestation and reforestation are looked upon as the most viable and effective solution to this. Afforestation is creation of forest cover in a land where there are no trees. Reforestation is a solution to increase the density of existing forest covered land, especially to recover the patches where trees got cut down. Both processes help to mitigate the climate change situations, reduce air pollutants, and reestablish the ecosystems and natural habitats.

India is a country with extreme geographies and weather conditions and hence the biodiversity of the country also varies. We have Himalayas to oceans and deserts to dense rain forests and world’s second largest population to feed as well. And it is implied that our contribution to ecological disbalance is also significant. Indian government has been working on this through various schemes since 1951. Centrally several schemes and projects were running but in 2000-2001 all the afforestation and reforestation projects in India were integrated to form National Afforestation Program Scheme at the same time to keep the focus on decentralizing the implementation plan. NAP is being implemented through the 2-tier structure of the forest department at the division and village levels. The programs has core components like forest planning in terms of places, variety of plants as per geography, key focus areas like increasing forest density and plantations in barren lands and awareness and training programs for the villagers or locals so they live in coordination with the nature around them.

The history of Forest protection and conservation in India goes back to organized revolutions like Vishnois in Rajasthan, The tribal communities in MP, Chhattisgarh, North-eastern states and islands like Andman’s and LakshDweep. Compensatory Afforestation Fund Act was passed in 2016 to wisely release the money collected as a fee from the companies that remove the forests to construct buildings, to be utilized for reforestation by forest department. Green India Mission by 2020 was also established in 2010. So there are several afforestation and reforestation projects in India that are initiated and are being implemented by government of India. But then there are so many other not for profit and for profit organizations, which are dedicated to restoring the biodiversity in the country. Organizations like Chirag, and Alaap are working specifically on the cause alongside the government in the state of Uttarakhand.

Then there are individual environmentalists like Sundar Lal Bahuguna, Vandana Shiva, Anadish Pal, Chandi Lal Bhatt, Sugatha Kumari, Maneka Gandhi who have initiated and executed several drives across the country and then there are some new age change leaders like Vijay Dashmana and Shubhendu Sharma. Dashmana consults the local authorities on developing biodiversity in and around urban areas in Haryana and Rajasthan. And Shubhendu started Afforestt that created so many forests in the country. The major challenge that we face in our country is the unavailability of authentic primary data about the real time impact and results of all the projects that are being implemented through out India for afforestation and deforestation.

For afforestationand reforestation projects, a lot of resources like funds, work and efforts of governmental and non-governmental bodies, individuals and companies working for the cause, are being invested in the mission of Green India but a lot of good work gets missed out because either it is not reported properly, or its implementation fails. We miss either on the planning part or on the implementation aspect. But what we majorly miss upon is taking up the responsibility that we are losing forests in because of forest fire and in the name of development. “Forest cover in the country has increased by about 1 per cent, according to the biennial State of Forests Report 2017 released this year, but Niti Aayog says 21.23 per cent of the land is under forest cover.” DTE Reports. It also reports that in December 2018, “The Supreme Court on December 11 expressed its displeasure on being informed that no proposal even after 12 years has been received for 21 national parks and wildlife sanctuaries for declaring areas around them as eco-sensitive zones and directed MoEF to declare an area of 10 kms around these national parks and sanctuaries as Eco Sensitive Zones.”

While there are numerous afforestation and reforestation projects are being implemented in India and some real good work on the ground is happening, let’s not miss out on the larger picture. The mechanism is in place to check the progress and numbers in this regard but ratio of increase in forest canopies and the increase on the different factors like dense forest canopies and very dense forest canopies is a matter of concern. We should look at the results by and large while we celebrate small achievements and growth. We also need to understand our roles in in helping various organizations and government to implement these projects. It’s our collective responsibility to create clean and green country to live in. Not just us but our future generations too need the to breath and live healthy life.

References:

https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/forests/rewind-2018-development-and-fire-eat-up-india-s-forest-cover-62631

https://www.indiastat.com/forest-and-wildlife-data/13/forest-schemes/17876/scheme-for-afforestation-1951-2019/450056/stats.aspx

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/Green-India-Mission-to-double-afforestation-efforts-by-2020/article16303477.ece

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afforestation

https://indianexpress.com/article/cities/delhi/delhis-green-cover-is-on-the-rise-but-its-not-all-good-news-5624341/

The Causes & Effects of Deforestation

The Causes & Effects of Deforestation

When was the last time you thought about planning a Jungle safari? Did it ever occurred to you that why you travel far from you home to enjoy the natural surroundings? Where the jungles nearby have gone? Have you ever heard about Deforestation or forest degradation? Did it ever occurred to you to read, talk or discuss about the causes and effects of Deforestation? Do you know that forests play a major role in keeping the ‘Life’ alive on our planet?

Almost one-third portion of the lands of the Earth are covered by forests of different flora and fauna. They are the prime source of life’s essentials like fresh air, clean water, and fruits & roots for food. Apart from these, we get wood for fire, fuel, furniture, buildings, paper and what not. Looking at them from value to human life perspective, forests give you almost everything food, water, shelter, even employment including adventure and entertainment. They are critical to reduce the effects of CO2 in the atmosphere. But as on date as you read this, these prime source of life on our planet are endangered. Deforestation is happening across the planet and its causes and effects are very visible in front of us if we choose to pay attention.

The danger is not only limited to forest degradation but also covers the extinction of so many species of plants and animals that survive and thrive because of these forests. Deforestation for needs like infrastructure development, agricultural land and increasing needs of large human populations, has begun to show the consequences in terms climate change and pollution of different kinds. It is time for each one of us to understand the causes and effects of deforestation.

The causes of deforestation are many. But primarily, today across the world the forests are being cut for the various uses of timber for the continuously increasing human population on the planet. It is because of human overpopulation the availability of plain lands for infrastructure development, development of highways, and for agriculture is increase. When it comes to the causes and effects of deforestation, then natural forest fires add to this problem majorly. And another major reason is the gap between the rate of deforestation and afforestation. We are unable to match the speed of tree plantations with the speed of trees being cut. It takes 10 to 15 years for an average tree to grow completely. But we overlook at their life and growth span when we cut them. If the causes of deforestation are overlooked its effects will be very devastating.

There are direct and adverse effects of deforestation and its causes. From increased greenhouse gas emissions to disrupted water cycles, to increased soil erosion to disrupted life cycles and shelters, to major effect on climate changes, pollution and degradation of natural resources. We as the common community of living beings are losing lives every single moment. The extinction of flora and fauna is beyond imagination. As per WWF data, ‘We’re losing 18.7 million acres of forests annually, equivalent to 27 soccer fields every minute.’ And this is scary. In order to understand and realize the causes and effects of deforestation in depth we must do more than just reading few articles or feeling sad about it or merely showing concerns.

We’ll have to create forums and spaces where there are open talks and discussions about climate change, pollution, scarcity and degradation of natural resources can be discussed along with the causes and effects of deforestation and forest degradation.

Environment Science has been added in the educational curriculums but that’s not enough as what our kids learn in school they see quite opposite in their respective homes and communities. Unless, we join hands to not only do something about it but first to train our minds that every action has its reaction and every cause will have a direct effect, hence we need to look at our actions as a race or species on the planet and what we really causing for our future generations. Only then we would be able to adopt and ensure green and sustainable lifestyle and eventually put a stop on becoming the cause of deforestation ourselves and save the planets and the lives on it from the effects of it.

References:

https://www.worldwildlife.org/threats/deforestation-and-forest-degradation

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/deforestation

Mother or Not

Imagine yourself as 4.543 billion years old. Can you? Yes! A life that long. Okay if not yourself, can you imagine any one around you that old? Any living being for that matter? The fact is we all know that one being who’s this old. Our very mother, Mother Earth. Does that number ring a bell? In Earth’s context, you cannot think or say, ‘Age is just a number’. For so many years Earth has been giving birth to all living beings and nurturing their generations after generations by offer life sustaining environment. And yet, today it witnesses climate change, water and air pollution.

How beautiful it is to belong to a planet that is a home for so many species of plants and animals. But have you ever thought how exhausting it is for Earth? Our planet, a home for everyone and everything we can see, or we cannot with our naked eyes, is getting exhausted because we, the most intelligent race she produced, turned out to be the takers, marking our carbon footprints across, drawing the life energy out of it and disbalancing the environment. Isn’t this true?

Let’s take a moment out from the mundanelife and imagine what if would be like without this planet. Difficult to imagine isn’t it? We are one of the key reasons for Earth’s exhaustion. Our needs, desires and endless greed to dig and use her natural resources so to speak is taking a toll on our mother. Look around,do you notice the trees being cut for varied uses? Do you know, “Between 1990 and 2016, the world lost 502,000 square miles (1.3 million square kilometers) of forest, according to the World Bank—an area larger than South Africa. Since humans started cutting down forests, 46 percent of trees have beenfelled, according to a 2015 study in the journal Nature.” (Source: Deforestation facts and information – National Geographic).

We can’t even imagine what it’s going to result in. If this fact doesn’t wake you up, then the causes and effect of deforestation will show up one day and our planet would lose the complete balance of life that exists on it. In the context of our country, just imagine our contribution to this situation, being the second largest population in the world. If it is difficult to completely stop deforestation, we need to increase our efforts and help implement afforestation and reforestation in projects India and support the cause. There are several save the planet organizations across the world that are working specifically on figuring creative and sustainable ways to save the environment.

With the current state of environment pollution and climate change and the rate at which it is shifting, chances are that we’d soon be deprived of the basic quality life. We need to work towards clean and green energy and sustainable development environment of living life. The change must ignite in our minds and hearts first and then make conscious green choices. Choices of an environmentally aware and awake mind would range from reducing the use of plastic and rubber, increasing the usage of biodegradable materials, limiting the use of energy generated from natural resources, recycle whatever can be recycled, reducing wastage of energy and resources like water, electricity, paper, reduce carbon footprints, and adopting green habits and actions towards contributing in balancing of the planet in times of global warming and cooling. We need to change the way we look at our planet. It’s just not another planet, it’s earth, our home. It’s our mother who nurtures. We must take care of our planet like how we take care of our mothers when they age, that’s how some people think. What do you think about it? Is earth a mother?

Global Warming Solutions – Transforming our Planet Green in its True Sense

Global Warming Solutions

Despite warnings by the scientific community that global warming is likely to continue into the distant future, there are undoubtedly a few things within our means to reduce its disastrous effects. Our main aim clearly should be to reduce or try avoiding the use of such items,or conditions that creates greenhouse gases. To achieve this it is essential that we minimize the use of fossil fuels by controlling our vehicular and industrial emissions.

The need clearly is to opt for those alternative sources of energy wherein the use of carbon is very limited or negligible, including,hydro-electric energy, solar energy, nuclear energy, and, wind energy. Usage of non-fossil fuel energy sources is crucial. Adoption of these alternative energy sources would result in huge reduction in greenhouse gases.

Global Warming Solutions

Felling of trees should be immediately stopped and protected. Additionally, aggressive plantation drive should be encouraged, which in itself is the most effective global warming solution.

Nations of the world realizing the dangerous consequences of global warming are joining hands in its fight against climate change.

The Paris Climate Summit in 2015 signed by 195 countries to reduce carbon emission with its goal to reduce future global warming by 2°C is indeed very encouraging – a right step in the right direction. However, it is essential that each of us citizens equally contribute towards this much aspired goal.

Effective global warming solutions would lead to reduction of atmospheric and oceanic temperature. It may be noted that over the last 1,400 years the warmest 30-year period in the Northern Hemisphere was between 1983 and 2012. 

Some simple yet effective steps, which if incorporated in our daily lives, can in a big way, make a difference to environmental protection. These includes –

Raising Awareness – The basic step for the prevention of global warming is creating awareness amongst the citizens of every country. A successful awareness would result in global warming from spreading further.

Reduce Carbon Footprint – It is of utmost importance that we keep the environment around us pollution-free. After all it is an undeniable fact that ‘human activities’ is the main culprit for degradation of our environment. The need clearly is to reduce carbon footprint to make our planet green in its true sense.

Driving Less Minimal driving would naturally result in less emission. It is important we choose healthy activities such as walking and riding a bicycle, which is a great way to cut back on atmospheric emissions. For commuting to-and-fro office, we should opt for public transportation like rails or community mass transport system. 

Keeping Devices Switched off – It is pertinent that we make it a habit to keep our devices and applications like computers, laptops, ovens, television etc switched off when not using it. This small step would result in reducing energy expenditure by as much as 40 per cent, which is undoubtedly beneficial for the environment.

Minimize use of Plastic – One of the biggest threats to the environment is plastic. Environmentalists point to the fact that each year millions of oceanic mammals and avian are killed as a result of swallowing plastic. Reduction of global warming is inevitably linked to the minimal use of plastic.

Each one Plant one – We should all take a pledge to plant trees. How nice it would be if we can build-up a world-wide movement, ‘each one plant one.’ Abundance of trees would result in reduction of emissions caused by factories, vehicles and other human activities. In fact, according to research, one tree can absorb more than one ton of carbon-dioxide within its lifetime.

The need of the hour clearly is a firm commitment by each of us to do our bit, and of the respective governments of every country to take concrete steps towards a carbon-free world.