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If we worship our rivers then why are they polluted?

Causes of global warming

Rivers of India are regarded sacred. Indian rivers have plenty of spiritual importance. Respected, worshipped, and cared for, these rivers form an integral part of every Indian life. Nothing progresses in their absence. They are as special as the Indian temples for a devotee. You can visit some of these rivers to understand what they imply to a common Indian man. The rivers of India provide irrigation, cheap transportation, electricity, and livelihoods for a large number of people. The river system of India also holds significance from a religious point of view still river pollution in India has now reached a critical point. Virtually every river system in India is now polluted to a great extent. A report by the scientists of the National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur, started that nearly 70 percent of river water in India is polluted. The pollution situation in our country is worse than that of some of the industrialized nations of Europe and America. The Ganga, the most sacred and important river of India, is regarded as the cradle of Indian civilization. The 2, 525 km long river begins
from Gangotri in the Himalayas and joins the Bay of Bengal, at Ganga Sagar.

Based on a report of the Central Pollution Control Board, despite river Ganges, considerable resilience as a self-purifying and fast-flowing river, its organic pollution load is significantly high. At Kanpur, 45 tanneries and 10 textile mills are the main sources of liquid wastes discharged into the river. The wastes contain heavy organic load and putrefied material. It discharges from the Barauni Oil Refinery and causes pollution along the long stretch of the main Ganga. Preliminary observations were made on the pollution of the river Kali and a limnological survey was made of the river with reference to fish mortality.

The main factories, which pollute the creek are sugar, distillery, tin, glycerol, paints, soap works, spinning, rayon, silk, and yarn. A major step to control and clean the river Ganga had been taken in the year 1984 when the Central Ganga Authority was established to implement the Ganga Action Plan. This plan has identified 27 cities and about 120 factories as points of pollution from Haridwar to Hooghly. Similarly, the Yamuna Action Plan has also been devised. But till now nothing substantial has come out and there’s a considerable way to go. A survey was carried out in 1965 along 21 km stretch of the river Gomti in the vicinity of Lucknow receiving 19.84 million gallons of wastes per day from pulp and paper factory, distillery and sewage.

Solution:

The best way to solve these issues is to prevent them. The first major solution in this context is the conservation of soil. Soil erosion can contribute to water pollution. So, if soil can be conserved we can prevent water pollution too. We can follow measures such as planting more trees, managing erosion in a better way and use farming methods that are better for the soil. In the same vein, it is also important to follow the right methods in disposing of toxic waste. For starters, we can use products that have lesser amounts of volatile organic compounds in them. Even in cases where toxic material like paints, cleaning supplies, and stain removers are used, they need to be disposed of in the right way. It is also important to look into oil leaks in one’s cars and machines.

It is said that leaked oil – even from cars and machines – is one of the principal contributors to water pollution. Hence, it is important to look at cars and machines, which run on oil, on a regular basis, to check them for any possible oil leak. It is important after work – especially in factories and production units where oil is used – to clean up the wasted oil and either
dispose of it properly or keep it for later use. Rivers are the backbone of human civilization! They provide us with fresh water which is helpful for various purposes such as drinking, cleaning, washing, etc. Without rivers, life will come to a halt. Rivers just keep on flowing without any stop. We humans exist because of rivers. We will never know the worth of rivers until they dry up. A drop of water is worth more than a sack of gold to a thirsty man.

An Old American Indian Proverb says :

Only when the last tree has died and the last river has been poisoned and the last fish being caught, will we realize we cannot eat money!

Empowering Youth for a Sustainable Future

grow more tree, plant more tree

Youth are the most crucial and dynamic segment of people in any country. But they need the mandatory support with regards to good health and chances to transform the future. There is no getting away from the fact that sustainable development is complex. Perhaps the most common and well used definition of sustainable development is the
one used by the UN, describing it as “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”

At its core, its about finding a balance between three dimensions: society, environment and economy. International Youth Day is celebrated to recognize attempts of the worlds youth in improving global society. The intention of the article is to understand significance of the youth, strategies to address a few of the challenges and provide a wide overview of India’s efforts in youth empowerment towards developing an eco-friendly country.

A developing nation like India has huge chances and challenges with the globalization and increasing of knowledge market. United Nations Population Funds State that the Worlds Population report claims of India having 356 million youth, the highest percentage of youth in any country between 10-24 year old, which is a whopping 28 percent of the entire population. The youth population is not just to satisfy the manpower needs but also to cater the environmental needs of the country. Nonetheless, the benefits are subject to addressing of the cognitive and social inequalities. Among the major problems today, children faces the unequal access to opportunities with the lack of focus on personal development.

Consequently, environmental growth chances, through youth development are galore if exploited and nurtured appropriately. The need of the hour is to create an environment conscious workforce that will make a significant contribution to India’s green development. Among the ways developing such workforce is to provide enough chances for education, jobs in this field and also the spirit of entrepreneurship. Among the sustained ways to tackle climate change is youth development. Skills can be equated using long lasting empowerment. A significant step is to reduce the rural and urban gap, particularly in educational infrastructure. Understanding their perspective and then training them at a young age is a priority as they learn better.

Environmental degradation and the poverty have a nexus between them. The majority of our people are determined by the natural resources of the nation for the basic needs of food, fuel fodder and shelter. About 40% of our individuals are still beneath the poverty threshold. The poor who depend upon the sources of their environment have been influenced by environment degradation. The struggle of the environmental degradation and poverty are just two of the challenges. The population growth is basically a function of poverty.

Alienation from the fact that earth has limited time as it’s resources are depleting it’s crucial to build formal institutional mechanisms to tackle environmental programs. Technical instruction should aim at raising skilled workforce that’s employer ready. The modern skills and knowledge of the forest dept. Should be integrated with the traditional experience and knowledge of the local communities.

A spirit of entrepreneurship needs to be inculcated from the school to create more job providers in the field of environmental growth. Systemic linkages have to be established to link instruction using training, placement and also real life scenario to survive and also sustain in this developing world.

Youth are powerfull! They represent courage using energy and will power to take leadership. They needed to be respected, guided and also nurtured for long run roles. Youth needs to be in leadership role because they are the next generation to decide what type of a world they want to live in.

Save The Planet Organizations

Save The Planet Organizations

Of late, there has been a lot of noise about saving the planet, doing something about the climate change. Scientists and Environmentalists across the globe are trying to figure various ways of reducing factors that cause global warming. Apart from them, there are so many save the planet organizations that are devoted to the cause. At this juncture, it is ridiculous to ask if the clock ticking. Of course, it is. The history of possible shift in the climate i.e. increase or decrease, in the temperature of the Earth, goes back to late 1890’s. Back in 1896, Swedish Scientist, Svante Arrhenius calculated that cutting CO2 in half would suffice to produce an ice age. He further calculated that a doubling of atmospheric CO2 would give a total warming of 5–6 degrees Celsius.

By mid-20th century, the concern grew stronger and the scientists across the world began to acknowledge that the human emissions could be disruptive to the climate by the next century. By early 80s, gradually a common understanding and consensus started to build. And then in 1988, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) was established. Gradually, several other non-governmental projects and organizations came up to save the planet from the climate change and its effects, primarily caused by human way of life and other causes by and large.

While the governments of different countries were creating policies and laws for environment conservation,mid-20th century onwards, several save the planet organizations were formed by various groups of people, companies, institutions and individual across the world by late 70s and early 80s. “The first Earth Day, on April 22, 1970, was a milestone event for the planet. An estimated 20 million people took to the streets across the U.S. to raise awareness about the impacts of human activities on the environment.” (March 20, 2019, National Geographic)

One of the pioneers among save the planet organizations is Earth First!.It was founded in 1980 in South-West America by 5 environmentalists and activists, focusing Environment Protection by taking direct action in terms of research, publishing journals and spreading awareness campaigns, advocacy conferences and workshops and other activities. It is operational today in 19 countries including India. In 1980 itself there were 12 other organizations that got established in different parts of the world, taking up different streams of save the planet causes like wild life conservation, forest conservation, saving the whales, animal welfare etc.

India was still a young country to realize its contribution in environment degradation and the need to save the planet and create organizations for the same. In 1972, India did participate in United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm in June and the decisions were taken to provide for the protection and improvement of environment. Sadly, it took Bhopal Gas Tragedy to open the eyes and Environment Protection Act, 1986 was passed finally. However, on forest protection and conservation, Indian history goes back to Indian Forest Act, 1927 under British Empire, then Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980 was passed and further amended in 1988.

Apart from the government’s initiatives and provisions, the real history goes back to 1700s when the Bishnoi movement happened. The Chipko Movement in 1973 by Mr. Bahuguna, Save the silent valley in 1978 by KSSB and Sugathakumari, the Jungle Bachao in 1982 to save Saal Forest, Appiko, Narmada Bachao, Tehari Dam Conflict were some very important milestones to name a few. One of the oldest save the planet organizations that are working for nature conservation, research and awareness in India is Bombay Natural History Society which was established in 1883. There are several popular name like WWF-India, Greenpeace India, Center for Science and Environment, Wildlife Trust of India that have been working in India to save and restore the nature. But let us also understand the these save the planet organizations are not all NGOs or nonprofits. The latest concept of a socially sustainable enterprise with profits can also be key game changers like Afforest, SayTrees, HelpUsGreen, The Ugly Indian, The Living Greens etc. Time is to think out of the box and bringsimple ideas to saving the planet to fruition by creating organizations and make them sustainable and impactful. Keeping things simple and going in the direction restoring the environment and nature must be the core if we realize that the clock is ticking.

References:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_climate_change_science#First_calculations_of_human-induced_climate_change,_1896

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_climate_change_science#Paleoclimates_and_sunspots,_early_1900s_to_1950s

https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2016/04/160422-earth-day-46-facts-environment/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earth_First!

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Environmental_organizations_established_in_1980

http://envfor.nic.in/division/forest-conservation

https://www.clearias.com/environmental-movements-in-india/

http://www.findouter.com/Asia/India/Science_and_Social_Science/Environment/Environmental_Organisations

The Causes & Effects of Deforestation

The Causes & Effects of Deforestation

When was the last time you thought about planning a Jungle safari? Did it ever occurred to you that why you travel far from you home to enjoy the natural surroundings? Where the jungles nearby have gone? Have you ever heard about Deforestation or forest degradation? Did it ever occurred to you to read, talk or discuss about the causes and effects of Deforestation? Do you know that forests play a major role in keeping the ‘Life’ alive on our planet?

Almost one-third portion of the lands of the Earth are covered by forests of different flora and fauna. They are the prime source of life’s essentials like fresh air, clean water, and fruits & roots for food. Apart from these, we get wood for fire, fuel, furniture, buildings, paper and what not. Looking at them from value to human life perspective, forests give you almost everything food, water, shelter, even employment including adventure and entertainment. They are critical to reduce the effects of CO2 in the atmosphere. But as on date as you read this, these prime source of life on our planet are endangered. Deforestation is happening across the planet and its causes and effects are very visible in front of us if we choose to pay attention.

The danger is not only limited to forest degradation but also covers the extinction of so many species of plants and animals that survive and thrive because of these forests. Deforestation for needs like infrastructure development, agricultural land and increasing needs of large human populations, has begun to show the consequences in terms climate change and pollution of different kinds. It is time for each one of us to understand the causes and effects of deforestation.

The causes of deforestation are many. But primarily, today across the world the forests are being cut for the various uses of timber for the continuously increasing human population on the planet. It is because of human overpopulation the availability of plain lands for infrastructure development, development of highways, and for agriculture is increase. When it comes to the causes and effects of deforestation, then natural forest fires add to this problem majorly. And another major reason is the gap between the rate of deforestation and afforestation. We are unable to match the speed of tree plantations with the speed of trees being cut. It takes 10 to 15 years for an average tree to grow completely. But we overlook at their life and growth span when we cut them. If the causes of deforestation are overlooked its effects will be very devastating.

There are direct and adverse effects of deforestation and its causes. From increased greenhouse gas emissions to disrupted water cycles, to increased soil erosion to disrupted life cycles and shelters, to major effect on climate changes, pollution and degradation of natural resources. We as the common community of living beings are losing lives every single moment. The extinction of flora and fauna is beyond imagination. As per WWF data, ‘We’re losing 18.7 million acres of forests annually, equivalent to 27 soccer fields every minute.’ And this is scary. In order to understand and realize the causes and effects of deforestation in depth we must do more than just reading few articles or feeling sad about it or merely showing concerns.

We’ll have to create forums and spaces where there are open talks and discussions about climate change, pollution, scarcity and degradation of natural resources can be discussed along with the causes and effects of deforestation and forest degradation.

Environment Science has been added in the educational curriculums but that’s not enough as what our kids learn in school they see quite opposite in their respective homes and communities. Unless, we join hands to not only do something about it but first to train our minds that every action has its reaction and every cause will have a direct effect, hence we need to look at our actions as a race or species on the planet and what we really causing for our future generations. Only then we would be able to adopt and ensure green and sustainable lifestyle and eventually put a stop on becoming the cause of deforestation ourselves and save the planets and the lives on it from the effects of it.

References:

https://www.worldwildlife.org/threats/deforestation-and-forest-degradation

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/deforestation