Global Warming And India: To address an issue as vast as Global Warming, we’ll have to start at a much smaller unit first. State(s) whose sum is the final product and some states contribute more to this phenomenon than the others. To start at a more personal level, let’s examine and study the position of India and its states with regard to climate change.
Global Warming in India
The problem begins with ignorance and lack of knowledge, as always. Most Indian states are documented in terms of climate conditions. But there is still a lack of data in 23 states. India has only 80 monitoring stations and falls pale in comparison with China. China has 1500+ monitoring stations. India is a developing nation and has prospered well so far in other crucial aspects such as education, job prospects, civilian rights but it has much space to grow in this particular aspect.
Another alarming fact is that India’s carbon emissions are rising and rose to almost 5% in 2016. Although it is a tiny number and since India is only going to develop further in terms of infrastructure and industries, there will be an increased number of carbon emissions. But India has the benefit of the doubt as it can rude its carbon emissions by improving equipment efficiency which happens to be the main character in the release of GHG emissions. Hence, India’s contribution to the release of GHG gases inevitably means that it will not remain unaffected by its disastrous effects.
Global warming and Climate Change
Let’s take a look at the severity of the situation: In the year 2007-2008, India has been recognized as a disaster-prone country. And it was ranked third highest in the world in the number of significant disasters. The increased temperature has resulted melting of glaciers and expanding of seas which will of course influence the Indian climate and lead to the incidence of floods, storms, and hurricanes. This poses a major threat to food security, livelihood, economies. Even the slightest increase in temperature(by 3 degrees) could lead to submersion of major cities Mumbai and Chennai. The air quality will just worse in states such as Delhi and Haryana.
The cities and states on India that prone to droughts such as Bihar and Uttar Pradesh will feel the brunt of it as well as the situation will worsen. The water availability would decrease in the future. Various river basins are likely to experience scarcity of water. The Causes of Global Warming is very bad.
Climate Change in India:
India is developing rapidly with the help of manmade efforts and mechanisms. But one cannot put nature at bay. If precautionary measures are ignored or absent, then there will be severe consequences that could wash out the progress of India that this country has achieved so far and wreaked havoc on its citizens. Hence, we should look at a few measures that can curb this issue one step at a time.
The Indian Government has always accepted as climate change to be an exponential threat to ecosystems and economies. Under the Paris Agreement(December 2015), India has made a commitment to reduce its greenhouse emissions. It will have 40 percent cumulative power capacity from non-fossil fuel-based sources by 2030.
By 2030, India plans to shift to cleaner modes of transportation and not a single petrol or diesel car will be sold. The Supreme Court has imposed a ban on the sale of heavy diesel cars.
Besides the initiatives of the Indian Government, non-governmental organizations, as well as individuals, are contributing to the betterment of nature as well. There has been active participation to plant trees, reduce the usage of coal in rural households by replacing it with an alternative and making the switch from petrol/diesel-powered vehicles to ones powered by CNG.
Stop Global Warming And Save Earth
Take a small step. Switching off the engine at a red light makes a difference. It can be a domino effect of sorts. A person seeing another person cares about the environment. That person may think that he needs to do something for nature as well. In this way, we are not trying to save just ourselves, rather a state, a nation, a world.